Since 1991, the civil war in Sierra Leone has displaced over 1 million people. Rebel attacks on a number of large towns throughout the country in late December 1994 caused large-scale displacement.
UN and NGO expatriate staff have been recalled to Freetown. Deteriorating security conditions are deterring private transport companies from travelling with relief food into the northern, southern and eastern provinces without an army escort.
An estimated 85,000125,000 Sierra Leonean refugees were expected to arrive in Côte dIvoire during February 1995; in Guinea the total number of refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone is estimated to be 120,000.