Country: Ethiopia

Comparing DDR and durable solutions: some lessons from Ethiopia

An increasingly important area of focus for relief and development agencies relates to the demobilisation and reintegration of fighters and support for displaced people to return home or resettle elsewhere. Both groups – ex-combatants and forced migrants – are regularly implicated in war and post-conflict situations as perpetrators, victims and survivors of violence. They are… Read more »

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The intersectoral response to the malaria epidemic in Ethiopia in 2003: an assessment

This article reviews the epidemic transmission of malaria in Ethiopia, and the indicators that warned the Ethiopian government about the likelihood of an epidemic from April to December 2003. It examines the responses undertaken by different actors to the epidemic, and places the timing of the response in the context of the epidemic season. Finally,… Read more »

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Hunger and poverty in Ethiopia: local perceptions of famine and famine response

Twenty years after the devastating famine in 1984, Ethiopia still faces food security crises. In 2003, up to 15 million people were considered food insecure. Despite much research, we still do not know enough about how local people in different settings understand and cope with food shortage. This article reports on research which aimed to… Read more »

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Ethiopia 2003: towards a broader public nutrition approach

Twenty years on from one of the most severe famines ever witnessed in Ethiopia, the prospect of hunger, starvation and death threatened ever-increasing numbers of people in 2003. Experience of famine response in Ethiopia since the mid-1980s has led to a ‘food first’ bias, which fails to take account of the broader risks and vulnerabilities… Read more »

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‘Famines’ or ‘mass starvations’: victims, beneficiaries and perpetrators

There have been many attempts to establish what is meant by famine and to determine what its causes might be. Many writers see the search for an adequate definition as an essential preliminary to analysis and action. Donors cannot be motivated to act unless they are convinced that what is taking place is actually a… Read more »

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Food insecurity and aid policies in Ethiopia

The famine forecast for 2002–2003 put Ethiopia once again – albeit briefly – on the international front pages. Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s comparisons with the situation in 1984–85 were duly relayed by the media, yet the circumstances of these two crises are so different that a repetition now seems almost inconceivable. In the event,… Read more »

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When will Ethiopia stop asking for food aid?

In 2003, 13 million Ethiopians required exceptional food assistance just to survive. Despite 30 years of food aid, the country’s food security has steadily worsened, and relief food aid has become an institutionalised response. Thus the common refrain: if food security is getting worse, is food aid the right way to address food insecurity in… Read more »

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Famine (again) in Ethiopia?

In 2002, Stephen Devereux, an economist at the UK-based Institute of Development Studies (IDS) stood on the dusty plain outside Gode in Ethiopia’s Somali Region, and argued that the Ethiopian government and the international community had failed to prevent another famine. Devereux cited a US Centers for Disease Control study led by Peter Salama that… Read more »

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