Country: Afghanistan

RSC Working Paper 108: ‘The rise and fall of the ERPUM pilot: tracing the European policy drive to deport unaccompanied minors’

This working paper traces the institutional dynamics surrounding the European Return Platform for Unaccompanied Minors (ERPUM), the first ever EU pilot attempting to organize the administrative deportation of unaccompanied minors. The first phase of ERPUM was initiated in January 2011, and its second stage began in December 2012 and was then discontinued in June 2014…. Read more »

ICRC Customary IHL Database: New update of State practice

ICRC’s Customary IHL database includes an update of State practice of 11 countries relating to armed conflicts and humanitarian issues such as the principles of distinction, proportionality and precautions in attack, the recruitment and use of child soldiers in hostilities, sexual violence, the treatment and material conditions of detention of persons deprived of liberty in… Read more »

Negotiating humanitarian access in southern Afghanistan: communication, complexity and coordination

After three decades of bitter conflict, humanitarian operations in Afghanistan remain fraught with difficulties and risks. In the early days of the conflict, humanitarian organisations worked in Kandahar and elsewhere in the south with much freedom of movement. However, the death of an International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) water engineer travelling between Kandahar… Read more »

Conference: Looking Back at Reconstruction: The need for a longer term approach in housing

Coventry University’s Centre for Disaster Management and Hazards Research (CDMHR) are pleased to be hosting the BSHF’s International conference: Looking Back at Reconstruction. Date: 15th – 16th January 2014   A report by a special rapporteur to the United Nations (2011) concluded that reconstruction andrecovery too often focuses on physical structures (houses), where for those affected… Read more »

Humanitarian negotiations in Afghanistan: WFP’’s experience

Even for aid agencies with a longstanding presence in Afghanistan, the challenges of securing access are growing. Problems caused by the insecure and fragmented operating environment are compounded by the uncertainties surrounding the transition to Afghan control of security and the drawdown of international combat troops in 2014. Aid agencies are increasingly being forced to… Read more »

Taliban policy and perceptions towards aid agencies in Afghanistan

While the operating space for aid agencies in Afghanistan has diminished as the conflict has intensified and the insurgent presence has expanded, humanitarian engagement with the Taliban remains taboo. In practice, however, many aid agencies working in insecure areas engage with insurgents to gain access to those in need of assistance. Yet little substantive research… Read more »

Towards more effective civil-military information-sharing in stabilisation contexts

Afghanistan has come to be seen as a laboratory for the development of civil–military coordination and information sharing. However, while numerous information-sharing portals have been established, none has emerged as the single indispensable venue for coordination between civilian organisations and military actors. As this article explains, the limited uptake of such systems reflects three broad… Read more »

Natural disasters and complex political emergencies: responding to drought in Afghanistan

From Iran to western China, Central Asia is suffering its worst drought in decades. One of the states hardest-hit has been Afghanistan; poor and conflict-ridden, it is also the least able to cope Afghanistan is in its third year of severe drought, compounding the effects of conflict and international isolation. Precarious security conditions and problems of access make needs difficult… Read more »

Humanitarian space in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Humanitarian space in Afghanistan and Pakistan is the theme of this edition of Humanitarian Exchange. A combination of violent conflict and natural disasters has led to widespread humanitarian needs in both countries. At the same time, humanitarian organisations face increasing challenges, undermining their ability to respond. The articles in this issue assess the nature of… Read more »