Factional fighting resumed in Kabul at the beginning of 1994 resulting in the flight of up to 100,000 civilians from the city to the north and east.
Pakistan has closed its borders to prevent the displaced entering the country. Fighting is also taking place around the northern cities of Kunduz and Mazar-I-Sharif. Displaced camps have been opened around Jalalabad.
MSF and the ICRC continue to operate medical and relief programmes in Kabul. The attention given to the situation by the international media and the international community has been very limited.
Given the high stocks of arms, the lack of interest from the West and the increasing involvement of neighbouring countries with the different factions, the outlook is bleak.