Country: Democratic Republic of The Congo

Community first: the key to stopping the Ebola epidemic

The tenth Ebola outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was declared in August 2018. Nineteen months later, it has resulted in over 3,400 confirmed and probable cases and more than 2,200 deaths. By October 2019, the head of the Ebola response, Dr. Jean-Jacques Muyembe, and the Congolese government in Kinshasa were predicting that… Read more »

Reducing mortality from Ebola through a comprehensive, decentralised and integrated standard of care

Since 2014, ALIMA has been involved in the management of several Ebola outbreaks. Despite the implementation in North Kivu and Ituri of recommendations derived from analysis of previous episodes, there has been no significant improvement in case fatality rates. In Guinea between 2014 and 2016, for example, the case fatality rate was 66.7%, while in… Read more »

Ebola and innovation: examining the approach to the Nord Kivu epidemic

Within four months of the first notification of Ebola cases in August 2018, the Nord Kivu (and Ituri) Ebola epidemic had become the second-largest on record. Notwithstanding a rapid and massive mobilisation of resources, the outbreak continued beyond the most pessimistic predictions and the case fatality rate (the proportion of people with the infection who… Read more »

Responding to Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo

This edition of Humanitarian Exchange, co-edited with Anne Harmer, focuses on the response to the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Although at the time of publication the outbreak appeared to have ended, over its course it claimed 2,200 lives, with more than 3,300 infected, making this the world’s second largest outbreak… Read more »

Community-based targeting: responding to humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of Congo

During humanitarian crises, aid workers must find efficient ways to help the vulnerable meet immediate needs. Because resources are finite, targeting those most in need is often a crucial part of this exercise. However, commonly used targeting strategies in livelihoods interventions may not always identify the most vulnerable. Often, vulnerability criteria are predetermined according to… Read more »

A new tool in the toolbox: using mobile text for food security surveys in a conflict setting

Primary collection of household food security data is typically both expensive and cumbersome. As a result, decisions on humanitarian assistance are often based on information that is out of date, or on unsatisfactory aggregate proxy indicators. However, thanks to increasingly widespread access to mobile telephony, many survey respondents can now be contacted through their mobile… Read more »

The ICRC’s response to sexual violence in armed conflict and other situations of violence

Sexual violence is an appalling violation of moral codes and international law which occurs in practically all situations of armed conflict and sustained violence. It is an abuse that has severe physical and psychological consequences for the individual, first and foremost, as well as the capacity to tear societies and communities apart. The International Committee… Read more »